Simple sugars are the easiest carbohydrate for our bodies to digest. They can be broken down into four categories:
1. Monosaccharides – This is the base unit of simple sugars.
2. Disaccharides – These carbohydrates need water and an enzyme, a protein in the body responsible for a specific reaction, to break them down into something the body can utilize.
3. Oligosaccharides – Mostly found in plant foods and utilized in the large intestines for beneficial bacteria.
4. Polysaccharides – They are considered complex carbohydrates because they contain quite a few sugars.