Amino acids are the building blocks of the body. There are about 20 different amino acids that perform different functions in your body. They can be used individually or combined together.
There are three types of amino acids:
1. Essential amino acids – The body has difficulty creating these amino acids.
2. Nonessential amino acids – These amino acids are produced by the body.
3. Conditionally essential amino acids – The intake of these amino acids depends on your metabolic state.
Proteins are an important part of nutrition. It consists of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen. Some good sources include lean poultry, meat, and fish, low fat dairy, and egg whites.
Some of the benefits include: helping cell growth and maintenance, regulating fluid balance, making enzymes, antibodies, and hormones.
Protein digestion starts in the stomach. Hydrochloric acid or HCL in the stomach begins to break down proteins. The partially broken down food then moves into the small intestines where digestive enzymes finish converting the food particles into amino acids which are absorbed and utilized by the body.
When you consume excessive amounts of protein you may begin to find crystal like particles under your skin in your hands and feet. These are purines found in protein that can turn into uric acid if not properly digested and absorbed. If the same amount of protein continues to be consumed, you run the risk of kidney stones. Eating less protein in one sitting is helpful as well as increasing your intake of water.