The lower extremities consist of the legs, knees, and feet. These bones are stronger because they support the weight of the whole body when we stand and absorb the everyday forces we exert on our bodies, like when we walk.
The vertebral column or spine consists of irregular bones and it protects the spinal cord. There are seven cervical vertebrae that start at the neck with the atlas (C1) and the axis (C2). There are twelve thoracic vertebrae that are in the center of the back. The lower back consists of 5 lumbar vertebrae, the sacrum, and the coccyx.
The thorax includes bones of the rib cage or chest as well as the clavicle. It provides protection for the lungs and heart. There are twelve pairs of ribs. The first seven are true ribs because they attach to the sternum at the center of the chest. The next three pairs are false ribs because they don’t reach the sternum, they’re joined together by cartilage that attaches them to the sternum. The last two pairs of ribs are floating ribs because they aren’t attached in the front.
The skeletal system acts as a framework for the internal organs of the body. Muscles are attached to bones and they aid in the movement of the body. The bones store calcium, transport oxygen, store fat, and produce red blood cells. Bones will remodel themselves in response to stress.
There are two types of bone: compact and spongy. Compact bone is usually found in the outer layers of bones and is more dense. Spongy bone is lighter and has a porous appearance. Bones can be categorized as long bones like the humerous (in your upper arm), short bones like the carpals (in your hand), flat bones like the skull, and irregular bones like the vertebrae (in your back).
Bones come together at a joint. At these joints bones are attached to other bones with ligaments, which are meant to help restrict motion. There are various types of joints such as the joint in your hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder, that allow for different types of movement.
The skeletal system can be divided into sections that include:
Aromatherapy can be beneficial for the skeletal system.
Latin name: Symphytum officinale
- helps heal bones, ligaments, and cartilage
- promotes cell growth
- good for ulcers
- soothes lungs
It’s effective both internally and externally.
Proline is a conditionally essential amino acid.
Some functions of proline are: forms collagen, helps bones and skin.
Foods rich in proline include: eggs, dairy products and meat.
Lysine is an essential amino acid.
Some functions of lysine are: promotes bone growth, helps form collagen, and aids in absorption of calcium.
Foods rich in lysine include: meat, fish, dairy products, and legumes.