Triglycerides

Triglycerides are usually stored in the body when we eat excessive amounts of fat.  When needed the body transforms parts of triglycerides into glucose to be used by the body.  Vegetable oil and animal fat are primarily made of triglycerides.

B5 or Pantothetic Acid

B5 is also known as pantothetic acid is made in small amounts in the intestines.

Some functions of pantothetic acid are: proper functioning of adrenal glands, synthesizes fats or lipids, prevents aging and wrinkling, metabolizes fats, carbohydrates and protein.

Foods rich in pantothetic acid include: eggs, tomatoes, peas, broccoli, squash, mushrooms, yogurt, and sweet potatoes.

B3 or Niacin

B3 is also known as niacin and has two forms, niacin and nicotinamide or niacinomide.  They are both found in food, but niacin is good for fat metabolism where as nicotinamide is good for anxiety and fatigue.  Taking nicotinamide can cause flushing or red irritated skin.

Some functions of niacin are: breaks down amino acids, metabolizes of fats and carbohydrates, reduces cholesterol, helps nervous system and hormones.

Foods rich in niacin include: fish, meats, poultry, wheat germ, whole grains, prunes, dates, figs, and avocados.

B2 or Riboflavin

B2 also known as riboflavin is the B vitamin that can turn your urine bright yellow.

Some functions of riboflavin are: cell growth and respiration, good for vision, hair, nails, and skin, metabolizes fat and carbohydrates.

Foods rich in riboflavin include: nutritional yeast, eggs, oily fish, seaweed, milk products, and green vegetables.

Fats

Fats also known as lipids are used to store energy, transport fat soluble vitamins, A, D, E, and K, produce eicosanoids, and are part of the cell membrane.  Fats are mainly found in seeds, nuts, meats, and dairy.

Fats can be categorized into fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol.

Digestion of lipids primarily occurs in the small intestines.  Chewing your food will begin to separate fats.  Once in the stomach, hydrochloric acid or HCL will break down some of the fats.  When it moves into the small intestines, the gall bladder releases bile to emulsify fats.  It then moves into the liver which is the where fat metabolism occurs.

It’s important to know the difference between healthy and unhealthy fats and essential to consume healthy fats on a daily basis.  If too much unhealthy fat is consumed it can lead to various diseases.

Food Combining

The body uses different processes to break down different kinds of foods.  If the combination of food that the body ingests is too diverse, some of the nutrients will not be digested.

It’s beneficial to eat protein with vegetables solely.  Carbohydrates are best with fats and vegetables.  Fruit should be consumed by itself.  This is a general guideline, there are exceptions.

 

The Zone

People should adhere to a 40-30-30 ratio or 40% carbohydrates, 30% protein, and 30% fats.  Once in this zone, blood sugar levels can be maintained and cellular inflammation, which is the cause of disease, can be regulated.

The fats ingested should be good quality fats, some examples include fats that contain omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids.

The Zone was developed by Dr. Barry Sears.  For more information check out http://www.zonediet.com/