The reproductive system is used to produce children. The female egg, ovum, and male sperm fuse together to create new life. Each individual is made up of 46 chromosomes that contain genetic information. This information makes each individual unique and special. Half of the chromosomes come from the male and the other half from the female.
The male reproductive organs consist of the testes, prostate, vas deferens, penis, and urethra. The testes are suspended in the scrotum and produce sperm. It’s suspended because sperm can not be created at normal body temperature. The vas deferens or ductus deferens transports the sperm into the body through the prostate. The prostate produces fluid that is ejaculated with the sperm and aids with mobilitiy. When the sperm mixes with the prostatic fluid it becomes semen. The semen moves through the urethra, that’s located in the penis, and out of the body.
The female reprodutcive organs consist of the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, and mammary glands. The egg or ovum is stored in the ovaries. An egg is released during every menstrual cycle, approximately every 28 days. The egg travels through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. The uterus provides an environment for the fertilized egg, fused with sperm, to thrive and grow. After approximately nine months of gestation the baby will travel through the cervix to the vagina and out of the female. If they egg is unfertilized the environment within the uterus will begin to breakdown and menstruation will occur. Blood will pass through the cervix to the vagina and out of the body. The female also has mammary glands in the breast that produce milk for the newborn baby.